Cancer treatment guidelines | Anticancerfund

Cancer treatment guidelines

Oncology is a complex and rapidly changing field. Clinical guidelines assist physicians and patients in choosing the most appropriate standard of care. These guidelines may offer concise instructions on which diagnostic or screening tests to order, how to provide medical or surgical services, how long patients should stay in hospital, or other details of conventional clinical practice.


The European Society for Medical Oncology’s Clinical Practice Guidelines summarise standards of clinical practice prepared and reviewed by oncology experts. Evidence-based medicine transfers cancer research results into new standards and methods for clinical practice. The ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines are designed to guide medical oncologists in the diagnosis, follow-up and treatment of different cancer types and conditions.

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Treatment guides for patients

Patient guides based on ESMO’s Clinical Practice Guidelines are available, and some have been developed by the Anticancer Fund. They are designed to help patients evaluate treatment options and translate complex medical information into a language understandable to every patient.


The Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology are developed by the American National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). The NCCN Guidelines are the recognized standard for clinical policy in cancer care and are the most thorough and frequently updated evidence-based consensus-driven clinical practice guidelines. They are intended to assist all involved in the clinical decision-making process, including physicians, nurses, patients and their families, with the ultimate goal of improving patient care and outcomes.

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Personalised patient information

Patients can contact the ACF for relevant, detailed, up-to-the-minute information about a specific cancer type or treatment. Informing patients about their individual treatment options is part of our mission. This is a free service offered to patients and their families to help them understand the nature of their diseases and explore existing treatment options. We depend on private funding to provide this independent and free service to patients and their family.