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CAMsearch for term

Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Forms of treatment that are used in addition to or instead of standard treatments. These practices generally are not considered standard medical approaches. Standard treatments go through a long and careful research process to prove they are safe and effective, but less is known about most types of CAM. CAM may include dietary supplements, megadose vitamins, herbal preparations, special teas, acupuncture, massage therapy, magnet therapy, spiritual healing, and meditation. Also called complementary and alternative medicine.

Synonyms: complementary and alternative therapies, complementary and alternative therapy, complementary and alternative medicine
clinical examinationsearch for term

The examination of the body to search for signs of disease.

Synonyms: physical examination
clinical trialsearch for term

A type of research study that tests how well new medical approaches work in people. These studies test new methods of screening, prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of a disease. Also called clinical study.

Synonyms: clinical trials, clinical studies, clinical study
epidemiologic studysearch for term

Research conducted in human populations, in which the investigator(s) examines the associations between the presence of a health effect, for instance cancer; and a factor that is speculated caused it, for instance a chemical.

multiple sclerosissearch for term

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease. According to most researchers, it is an autoimmune disease, meaning that the immune system damages its own tissue. The brain and the spinal cord are gradually damaged, causing muscle weakness, loss of coordination, visual problems, and speach disturbances.

Synonyms: ms
National Cancer Institutesearch for term

The National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, is the Federal Government's principal agency for cancer research. The National Cancer Institute conducts, coordinates, and funds cancer research, training, health information dissemination, and other programs with respect to the cause, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of cancer. Access the National Cancer Institute Web site at Also called NCI.

Synonyms: NCI
nonrandomized clinical trialsearch for term

A clinical trial in which the participants are not assigned by chance to different treatment groups. Participants may choose which group they want to be in, or they may be assigned to the groups by the researchers.

Synonyms: non-randomized clinical trials, non-randomized clinical trial, non randomized clinical trials, nonrandomized clinical trials, non randomized clinical trial
patient advocate groupsearch for term

A person who helps a patient work with others who have an effect on the patient's health, including doctors, insurance companies, employers, case managers, and lawyers. A patient advocate helps resolve issues about health care, medical bills, and job discrimination related to a patient's medical condition. Cancer advocacy groups try to raise public awareness about important cancer issues, such as the need for cancer support services, education, and research. Such groups work to bring about change that will help cancer patients and their families.

Synonyms: patient advocacy group
preclinical trialsearch for term

Research using animals to find out if a drug, procedure or a treatment is likely to be useful. Preclinical studies take place before any testing in humans is done.

radioisotopessearch for term

In nuclear medicine, radioisotopes are used for diagnosis, treatment, and research. They are radioactive chemical tracers that emit gamma rays or positrons and thereby can provide diagnostic information about a person's internal anatomy and the functioning of specific organs.

Synonyms: radioisotope
randomized clinical trialsearch for term

A study in which the participants are assigned by chance to separate groups that compare different treatments; neither the researchers nor the participants can choose which group. Using chance to assign people to groups means that the groups will be similar and that the treatments they receive can be compared objectively. At the time of the trial, it is not known which treatment is best. It is the patient's choice to be in a randomized trial.

Synonyms: randomized clinical trials, RCT
randomized controlled trialsearch for term

A study in which participants are randomly assigned in distinct groups comparing different treatments; nor the researchers nor the participants can choose in which group they will be assigned. The randomized assignement of a group means that the groups will be similar and that the treatments the patients will receive can be objectively compared. During the trial, we ignore which one is the best treatment. It is the patients’ choice to take part in a trial.

Synonyms: RCT