Pituitary tumors

Introduction

This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). We only provide general information and advice from medical professionals should be followed. More information is available on the NCI-website at www.cancer.gov. This information was last updated by NCI in July 2014.

 

A tumor that forms in the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is a pea-sized organ at the base of the brain. It makes hormones that affect other glands and many of the body’s functions, including growth. Symptoms depend on the hormones affected by the tumor. Most pituitary tumors are benign (not cancer) and many do not cause any symptoms.

Anatomy of the inside of the brain, showing the pineal and pituitary glands, optic nerve, ventricles (with cerebrospinal fluid shown in blue), and other parts of the brain.

 

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Standard of care

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Synonyms

Pituitary tumors

Pituitary tumor

Pituitary gland tumor

Pituitary cancer

Pituitary gland cancer

Cancer of the pituitary

Cancer of the pituitary gland

Prolactinoma

Pituitary adenoma

Clinical trials

A clinical trial is a research study conducted with patients to evaluate whether a new treatment is safe (safety) and whether it works (efficacy). Clinical trials are performed to test the efficacy of drugs but also non-drug treatments such as radiotherapy or surgery and combinations of different treatments. Clinical trials take place in all kinds of hospitals and clinics, but mostly in academic hospitals. They are organized by researchers and doctors.

The Anticancer Fund provides a tool to search for phase III clinical trials by type of cancer and by country. For Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Luxembourg, France and the UK, the Anticancer Fund provides contacts to get more information about the phase III clinical trials currently ongoing. Discuss the possibilities of participating in one of these clinical trials with your doctor.

The list of the phase III clinical trials for pituitary tumors is available here.