Laryngeal cancer


This information is produced and provided originally by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). We only provide general information and advice from medical professionals should be followed. More information is available on the NCI-website at This information was last updated by NCI in July 2014.


Cancer that forms in tissues of the larynx. The larynx is the area of the throat that contains the vocal cords and is used for breathing, swallowing, and talking. Most laryngeal cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. This is cancer that begins in flat cells lining the larynx.


The Anticancer Fund content will follow shortly. Following link will provide you with reliable information:
- American Cancer Society

Standard of care

ESMO guidelines are available for:
- Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
- Nasopharyngeal cancer.



Laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal tumour

Laryngeal tumor

Cancer of the larynx

Tumour of the larynx

Tumor of the larynx

Larynx cancer

Larynx tumour

Larynx tumor

Throat cancer

Throat tumour

Throat tumor

Cancer of the throat

Tumour of the throat

Tumor of the throat

Head and neck cancer

Head and neck tumour

Head and neck tumor

Cancer of the head and neck

Tumour of the head and neck

Tumor of the head and neck

Therapies by type

The following list of treatments is based on what we have found in scientific studies about cancer. More information about the listed therapies can be found under the tab THERAPIES. For registered drugs, radiotherapy and surgical interventions, approval by the authorities is given.

Registered drugs

Anti-cancer drugs with market authorization in the USA or in countries of the European Union. More

Natural products (excluding registered drugs)

Substances found in nature that usually have a pharmacological or biological activity. More

Energy based therapies

Use of electromagnetic energy including electricity, magnetic fields, radio waves, microwaves, infrared rays and light to diagnose or treat disease.

Clinical trials

A clinical trial is a research study conducted with patients to evaluate whether a new treatment is safe (safety) and whether it works (efficacy). Clinical trials are performed to test the efficacy of drugs but also non-drug treatments such as radiotherapy or surgery and combinations of different treatments. Clinical trials take place in all kinds of hospitals and clinics, but mostly in academic hospitals. They are organized by researchers and doctors.

The Anticancer Fund provides a tool to search for phase III clinical trials by type of cancer and by country. For Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Luxembourg, France and the UK, the Anticancer Fund provides contacts to get more information about the phase III clinical trials currently ongoing. Discuss the possibilities of participating in one of these clinical trials with your doctor.

The list of the phase III clinical trials for laryngeal cancer is available here.